Murari, Prasad and Sona, Saxena (2006) Radionuclide Sorption onto Low-Cost Mineral Adsorbent. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, 45. pp. 9122-9128. ISSN 0888-5885

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This paper investigates the underlying mechanism of the removal of hexavalent uranium radionuclides from aqueous solution via a low-cost mineral adsorbent. Batch adsorption studies were performed for the concentration range of 50-4000 mg/L. The effects of contact times in the range of 10-3600 min (60 h), solution pHs in the range of 1-11, initial concentrations of metal ions in the range of 50-4000 mg/L, and interfering cations (such as Pb2+, Cu2+, Fe2+, Cd2+, Ni2+, Th4+, Ca2+, Na+, and K+) and interfering anions (such as SO4 -, CO3-, NO3-, and Cl-) were studied by equilibrating different concentrations of uranium solutions. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order rate expressions have been used to test the experimental data. The rate constants of adsorption for both the kinetic models have been calculated. The pseudo-secondorder rate reaction provides the best correlation of the data. The values of adsorption data were fitted to Freundlich, Langmuir, and Dubinin-Radushkorich (D-R) adsorption isotherms. The mean energy of adsorption was calculated to be 10.10 kJ/mol from the D-R adsorption isotherm. The probable mechanism of radionuclide removal was its dissolution, followed by subsequent precipitation. X-ray diffractograms of the radionuclidesorbed mineral adsorbent indicates the precipitation of new compound at a higher radionuclide concentration (>100 mg/L).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: CSIR-800 > Environmental Studies/Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr. B.K. Prasad
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2013 11:01
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2013 11:01

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