Murari, Prasad and Sona, Saxena (2008) Multi-component sorption of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) onto low-cost mineral adsorbent. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154. pp. 221-229. ISSN 0304-3894

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Multi-component sorption studies were carried out for attenuation of divalent heavy metal cations (Pb2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) by a low-cost mineral adsorbent from the aqueous solution. Kinetic and equilibrium batch-type sorption experiments were conducted under variable conditions for multicomponent using low-grade (<12%P2O5) phosphate rock. Percentage of multiple heavy metal species removal increases with decreasing initial metals concentration and particle size. The equilibrium data were well described to a lesser extent by Freundlich model but Langmuir model seemed to be more appropriate with the fixation capacity obtained at room temperature for Pb2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ was 227.2, 769.2 and 666.6 �mol g−1, respectively. Two simple kinetic models were tested to investigate the adsorption mechanism. Rate constants have been found nearly constant at all metal concentrations for first order. The comparison of adsorption capacity of low-grade phosphate rock decreases in multi-component system as compared to single component due to ionic interactions. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) technique was used to ascertain the formation of new metal phases followed by surface complexation. Used adsorbents have been converted into a value added product by utilizing innovative Zero-waste concept to solve the used adsorbents disposal problem and thus protecting the environment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: CSIR-800 > Environmental Studies/Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr. B.K. Prasad
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2013 10:25
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2013 10:25

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